Saturday, June 27, 2020

Energy Policy in NY Area and its Impact on the Society - 1375 Words

Energy Policy in the New York Area and its Impact on the Society (Case Study Sample) Content: Public PolicyAuthors nameInstitutional AffiliationIntroductionThere are numerous public policy examples and types, the outcomes and positions of which play an indispensable role in shaping policymakers all over the New York City area and in the entire United States. Public policy examples and types have not only shape policymakers in these areas continually, but are also shaped by these lawmakers in conjunction with institutions such as courts through simultaneous law passing and rule prioritization. With this in mind, research is conducted to explore a public policy of personal choice that has direct impacts on the New York Citys local government. In particular, this paper comprehensively assesses the energy policy in the New York City area, along with analyzing the negative and positive effects that the policy has on the operational budget of the local government. The Energy PolicyThe energy policy of the New York City area addresses issues pertinent to the generati on and distribution as well as large scale and small scale consumption of energy within this area. This is by building energy saving codes, and setting standards for gas mileage, thereby ensuring prosperity and security of New York City residents. According to City of New York (2004), the city the worlds hub for major communication, corporate, and financial operations, a reputation that requires the area to have reliable electricity or energy source. For this reason, it is through the energy policy of the New York City area that the City is assured of affordable, dependable, and clean energy solutions that are responsive to environmental sustainability. The Commission for Environmental Cooperation (n.d) asserts that, through the environmental sustainability initiatives advocated in Bloombergs sustainability plan for addressing energy issues in New York City, environmental risks are abridged, ensuring that the City stays in the vanguard of energy resources conservation and environmen tal sustainability.The energy policy in this area, which is an integral component of the national energy policy contained in the 2005 federal Energy Policy Act, also addresses challenges and issues emanating from nuclear energy. Examples of nuclear challenges that the policy addresses include the disposal and storage of nuclear fuel and waste. Also, the policy is designed to partially address and direct the response of the City to climate change and the proliferation of new clear weapons (Bradford, 2012) that are a great threat to the security residents of the area and those of other neighboring areas. Besides regulating nuclear energy, the energy policy also serves as a comprehensive legislative measure for the local government to control the use of fossil fuels and foreign energy resources. This is in compliance with the requirements of the national government to protect its climate, economy, environment, and national security from the harmful effects and vast risks associated wit h these types of energy sources. In that regard, the energy policy serves as the platform upon which the City administration promotes and spearheads the move towards using renewable energy resources.The energy policy of the New York City area reflects the goals of the state, federal, and global energy policy goals, which are primarily intended for clean and economic energy. One of these goals is to ensure that buildings and households in the area are more energy efficient and economic (City of New York, 2015; Levine Richmond, 2012). The other goal includes the initiation of recovery act reserves geared towards cleaner, greener, and more affordable energy. The energy policy also focuses on bringing the City to the prestigious vanguard of climate and environmental sustainability as the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (n.d) attests to. Other goals that energy lawmakers seek to achieve under the energy policy include creating and applying more vociferous efficiency standards f or domestic and industrial appliances as well as for vehicles. By achieving these goals, New York City is able to not only augment the reliability of the energy resources it is graced with, but also meet its increasing energy demands. This way, the City places itself in a better position to facilitate its operations as an international hub, address pertinent environmental concerns, and drive its economic growth.Another essential characteristic of the energy policy is that the local governments effort to create investments and channel funds towards encouraging diversified and safer supply and transmission of energy. In other words, the energy policy is a core element of the operational budget of the local government of the New York City area. City of New York (2004) declares that such a portfolio of investments enables the City administration to reduce capacity and energy costs for New Yorkers, along with establishing a competitive electricity market. In that regard, the policy has p rovisions advocating partnerships with local corporations and other industry stakeholders. The partnerships help the authorities to subsidize energy for residents, along with providing financial and technical support and utilities that assist in automating and streamlining the implementation of subsidiary energy programs. Impacts of the Energy Policy on Local Governments Operational BudgetOne of the positive impacts of the energy policy is the attainment of a more sustainable environment characterized by less detrimental climate change as one of the initial goals of environmental sustainability. This is because the energy policy fosters drastic movement towards using renewable energy resources by reducing reliance on fossil fuel energy. The benefits that New York City reaps from using renewable energy include minimized air pollution emanating fossil fuel emissions increased energy source diversity, and lesser land degradation as a result of coal mining (City of New York, 2004). Thes e benefits cut numerous costs from the local governments operational budget. These include costs associated with pollution and degradation control and minimization, costs of compensating for the health safety of mine workers, and the cost associated with the destabilization of harmful effects of climate change. Bradford (2012) concurs with this by stating that there are ongoing efforts in the entire state of New York through the energy policy to select and implement procedures for benefit maximization and cost minimization in climate protection under climate change policies.The other positive impact of the energy policy is that it sets the stage for the materialization of the goals of the ongoing sustainable low-carbon initiative in the City. The energy policy sets efficiency standards that regulate the emission of carbon content into the atmosphere by automobiles, industries, and power plants as Bradford (2012) and the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (n.d) record. By minim izing the release of gaseous carbon and sulfur pollutants, greenhouse effects, global warming, and the formation heat islands are diminished. Consequently, the costs of carbon sequestration, pollutant filtration, and reversing the effects of global warming are eliminated from the operational budget of the New York City local government. Other positive impacts of the energy policy...

Monday, May 25, 2020

Summary of Drinking, a Love Story - 2443 Words

Part I: A. Introduction: Drinking, A Love Story, Written by Caroline Knapp: Is an insider’s story about fighting the battle of alcoholism and addiction, victoriously winning sobriety. Caroline Knapp fought her addiction for 20 years before becoming sober. â€Å"The Drink† as she called it, was her true love. The most beloved form being a good crisp dry white wine, but any form would do. She fell in love with alcohol at a young age and loved everything about it. The smell, the sound of a cork being pulled from a bottle, the cold liquid anesthesia running down the back of her throat after a long day at the office, the routine of drinking, but most of all she loved the way alcohol made her feel. Alcohol was the one thing for a very long time†¦show more content†¦She said these things to really more or less convince herself that they were true when panic started to take over. Her love affairs with multiple men, the articles she wrote for The Boston Herald, the ever mounting empty bottles of cognac told a different story. When she wasn’t focused on drinking, her addiction turned to self-loathing in a different form of control. Anorexia. At her lowest weight of 80 pounds, she had gone through months of using food and exercise as forms of self-control, much like the way she used alcohol in the most destructive way, she was trying to cure, medicate or eliminate the feelings of self-hatred, shyness and anxiety that loomed over her like a dark cloud. The patterns of dysfunctional relationships, drinking to get drunk, drunk driving, and black outs continued for Caroline until her parents died. First her father, a tragic death from a brain tumor, which at first led her to boozing to cope with the feelings, then a year later her mother died of lung cancer. After these devastating events took place, it was a phone call from her twin sister Becka, and knowing that therapy alone or coupled with AA weren’t enough to break her physical and emotional addiction with alcohol, thatShow MoreRelatedLooking for Alaska Book Review1001 Words   |  5 PagesLooking For Alaska by John Green. This book is divided into two sections, Before and After. Summary Before. â€Å"Francois Rabelais. He was a poet. And his last words were ‘’I go to seek a Great Perhaps.’’ That’s why I’m going. So I don’t have to wait until I die to start seeking a Great Perhaps.† Sixteen-year-old Miles (Pudge) Halter’s life has been devastatingly dull. He has no friends, no girls and no adventures, except for an obsession over the last words of dead famous people. AndRead MoreThe Life and Times of a Philosopher of Flappers Essay696 Words   |  3 PagesThe Roaring Twenties was a time renowned for partying, drinking, and a time without war. F. Scott Fitzgerald is just one of the many writers during this time to write about such times. Fitzgerald, however, is an author that defined this era also known as the Jazz Age. Known for novels such as The Great Gatsby, This Side of Paradise, and The Beautiful and the Damned, and many short stories, Fitzgerald is described by as â€Å"one of the greate st writers American soil has produced in theRead MoreToothpaste Persuasive Speech1400 Words   |  6 PagesAttention getter statement: Toothpaste: We use toothpaste to brush our teeth everyday (hopefully). We here in America love to have white teeth and from the time we are very young, we are told by our parents and our dentists that we need to brush twice daily with fluoride in order to prevent cavities. But what if I told you that toothpaste was poisonous? Credibility Statement: As a person who has been brushing his teeth for many years without knowing the effects that fluoride can cause, I decidedRead MoreEve s Bayou, A 1997 Film By Kasi Lemmons920 Words   |  4 Pagesthe same place of his wife. Louis is not the best father figure for the kids and he also constantly cheats on his wife. Louis has multiple dilemmas that he has a problem getting rid of to help strengthen his family. In the film Eve’s Bayou, sex, drinking, and secrets lead to the death of Louis. Louis has a strange sex addiction that leads to his death. He has sex with his patients instead of giving them medicine. He says that sex soothes the soul more than medicine. Louis has sexual intercourseRead MoreAnalysis of the Documentary Film Flow- For the Love of Water966 Words   |  4 Pagessell the sky-the warmth of the land? The idea is strange to us. Yet we do not own the freshness of air or the sparkle of the water. How can you buy them from us? We will decide in our time† (Chief Seattle: 1855). In the Documentary â€Å"Flow – for the love of water† it visualizes the global crisis we face on Mother’s Earth as it pertains to the diminishing of fresh water. The Documentary portrays along with the help of experts that this global crises is affecting each and every one of us in today’s societyRead MoreHidden788 Words   |  4 PagesEcho and Narcissus Introduction This is an old story about a Greek myth. The story is told in the III Book of the Metamorphoses. It was then retold by Roger Lancelyn Green (1918-1987) an English novelist. The characters in this story are mainly Greek mythology characters such as: Zeus, Hera, Aphrodite, Echo, Narcissus, a nymph and another god. Exposition In a mountain in Greece lived the Ureades, nymphs or fairies. There was this beautiful nymph, which was one of the most talkative calledRead MoreFamily Dynamics : When A Man Loves A Woman Essay1653 Words   |  7 PagesFamily Dynamics: When a Man Loves a Woman The movie When a Man Loves a Woman is about a couple and how their lives and the lives of their two young girls change because of addiction. The article entitled Family Functioning in Families with Alcohol and Other Drug Addictions talks about four major themes that are present in families that suffer from addiction. This paper will look at the family dynamics of the Green family from When a Man Loves a Woman and also discuss how the research results fromRead MoreThe Sun Also Rises By Ernest Hemingway1649 Words   |  7 Pagesthroughout all of the characters, affecting their lives and developing them as people. Because of this, The Sun Also Rises is now considered one of the best novels to come out of the era, as well as one of the most important American works of all time. Summary The Sun Also Rises begins in 1920’s Paris, with Jake Barnes describing his friend, Rob Cohn. He likes Cohn but criticizes him, saying he wasted his money, and is boring and plain. Cohn is writing his novel while in Paris, but once he finishes, heRead MoreThe Little Prince Analysis and Insights1696 Words   |  7 PagesPrecious Viloh B. Dadap BSSW-I Submitted to: Mrs. Lilibeth Faliorina, RSW Assistant Professor 3 Table of Content Summary -------------------------------------------------------------p.1-2 Insights ---------------------------------------------------------------p.3-6 -1- Summary of â€Å"The Little Prince â€Å" By: Antoine de Saint-Exupery The story begins when the  narrator tell about his childhood, when he drew a boa constrictor digesting an elephant and showed them toRead MoreEssay on The Shining by Stephen King829 Words   |  4 Pagesin this book. Jack Torrance is Dannys father who becomes insane toward the end of the story. Minor characters: Delbert Grady was the former caretaker that killed his family. Dick Hallorann is gifted with the shinning. He also saved Wendy and Dannys life. Lloyd is Jacks shinning friend who is the bartender. Tony is Dannys shinning friend that shows him things about the hotel. Plot summary: Jack Torrance wanted to work on his writing so he accepted the job of watching over

Monday, May 18, 2020

The Relationship With The Legislative Branch - 904 Words

A member of Congress is someone who has been elected and appointed to represent a particular constituency and advocate their interest and needs. In a perfect world the representative will listen to the people and speak on their behalf. However, that is further from the truth, only 15% of Americans approve of the job Congress is doing, while 75% disapprove. I agree with the disapproval of Congress, the relationship with the legislative branch is extremely negative because the public’s needs are not being met, due to congressmen following a different agenda. David Mayhew, Jammie Carson, Jeffery Jenkins, and Arnold are a few scholars who explain the behavior of Congress and why the public is unhappy with the jobs the representatives are performing. Mayhew argues that members of Congress are single-minded seekers of reelection involved in credit claiming, position taking, and advertisement. In support of Mayhew’s view Carson and Jenkins add four conditions of the electoral connection— ambition, autonomy, responsiveness, and accountability. Lastly Arnold believes members of Congress are not only single-minded seekers of reelection, but they worry about citizens’ preferences, voter backlash, theory components and the opinion of experts v. generalist v. ordinary citizens along with other things. Members of Congress follow a different agenda when making policy rather than focus on their constituents’ needs, therefore is no surprise why a large portion of the public is soShow MoreRelatedThe Framers Of The United States Constitution769 Words   |  4 Pagesbalances. This means that no branch of the government would have absolute power over another. Each branch is independent. One particular established statutory limit to ensure the separation of powers is the selection of branch members by another branch. There is one exception to this, The President nominates judges and the Senate confirms the nominations. Sense then the correlation between the Congress and the President has been a continuing contentious relationship. There has always been a struggleRead MoreComparing and Contrasting Two Governmental Systems: Parliamentary vs Presidential768 Words   |  4 PagesParliamentary System versus Presidential System The way that a country is controlled by the government depends on the relationship between the legislative and executive authority. Most democratic nations, today, generally use one of two governmental systems, either a parliamentary system or a presidential system. Today most of Europe prefers to use a parliamentary system, whereas the presidential form of government is preferred in places such as South Korea, South America and the United StatesRead MoreSocial Media: Discussion Questions1533 Words   |  6 Pagesaccordingly. In being aware of the client, the manager will thus make sure there are no fraud customers trying to purchase the products. Another important that comes up in social media is privacy. The manager must make sure that regardless of the sort of relationship the business has with the customer, their privacy should be maintained. Therefore, when we are taking a face book page into consideration, the manager should be aware of the all the privacy settings regarding t he customer. Another important componentRead MoreThe Relationship Between Modern Day Parliament And Government1485 Words   |  6 PagesThe relationship between modern day Parliament and Government has adopted some characteristics of the doctrine of fusion of power and moved away from the doctrine of separation of powers. It has been made clear that the functions and make up of both the executive and legislative has meant that both these branches are moving towards fusion of powers. Therefore, it is evident that modern day Britain is operating under the suggested doctrine by Bagehot made in 1867, because of their roles and functionsRead MoreThe United States Separation Of Powers928 Words   |  4 PagesIn order for a democratic government to function properly, there has to be a proper division of power. In the United States, separation of power is vested by implementing 3 separate bodies of a government: judicial, legislative and executive. Comparing the United States separatio n of powers to Great Britain, they both use similar but yet different systems. A major difference is the fact that great britain has a powerful queen and the united states does not. This changes things up a bit. EarlyRead MoreTexas Constitution And The Constitution872 Words   |  4 Pagespresidents and Legislatures were elected; the president had the power to appoint the cabinet; it also called for a secretary of war and navy; they were later canceled when Texas joined the US. Texas went on to create the three branches of government: legislative, executive, and judicial, this was a step to create separation of powers while the actual how the structure worked created checks and balances. Later, Texans decided to join the US, calling for a rewrite of the constitution that was based more offRead MoreThe State Of The Texas Government1280 Words   |  6 Pagesbranches, the executive, legislative, and judicial branch, similar to the federal government. Each branch has its own duties and ways to check the other branches as to ensure no one has too much, or all, the power. The executive branch contains the governor, lieutenant governor, the secretary of state, attorney general, and several other commissioners and executives. The legislative branch contains the Texas House of Representative and the Texas Senate. The Judicial branch contains the Texas SupremeRead MoreSystem Of Checks And Balances1114 Words   |  5 PagesWhen drafting the Constitution of the United States the founding fathers took great precautions in ensuring that no one branch of government became too powerful. By dividing the power of each branch the fathers hoped to ensure that the United States would not become subject to abuse by one branch that could ultimately lead to an authoritarian regime. In order to do this, the drafters of the Constitution implemented a system of checks and balances in nearly all aspects of the new republics governmentRead MoreConstitution Worksheet Essay1712 Words   |  7 PagesPowers: Each branch is responsible for their job. Separation of power establishes that one person or group of people could not control the government alone. The Constitution states the power of each branch and their functions are completely separate. No one gets too much power help things run smoothly.( * Checks and Balances: Ensure that no people can control the government alone. Because each branch has separate powerRead MoreThe Federalist Papers No. 78 Publius1383 Words   |  6 Pagesconstitution. These concerns were how Supreme Court justices would be chosen, how long a justice would remain in office, more specifically if lifetime appointments were appropriate and the division of authority between the different courts and their relationship to each other. While I would agree there has always been a clear understanding in America of the need for an objective arbitrator with a keen knowledge of the law to settle disputes and also a belief in the right to a trial in front of a jury of

Friday, May 15, 2020

The American Academy Of Pediatric Dentistry - 1749 Words

While many believe that dental care is relatively attainable for individuals across the United States, research proves otherwise. Especially for those thought to be the future of our nation: children. Often times, children that are most vulnerable and least likely to receive care are those who are in the direst need. The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry reports that over 37% of children are not provided dental visits and 4.3 million children are living with severe unmet dental needs that can greatly affect development. Even more important, these rates greatly increase based on ethnicity, economic status, and location. This is not to say that all individuals ought to dedicate their lives to this cause, but rather that our population, especially parents, educate their children at an earlier age about disease preventative dental skills and that a heavier focus is put on alleviating this problem for minority communities. The first component that affects whether a child receives the dental care he or she needs is what their ethnicity is. Research conducted through the California Health Care Foundation performed by Nadereh Pourat and Len Finocchio concludes that ethnic inequalities in time since a child’s last dental visit do exist. While their research was solely conducted in California, California is considered to be amid the most dependable state health surveys and therefore can act as a representative survey for a larger population. Through surveying families ofShow MoreRelatedClinical Experience And Knowledge Of Pediatric Dentistry Essay1125 Words   |  5 Pagesdental licensed dental specialist with extensive knowledge and experience of pediatric dentistry dedicated to the evidence based dental care of children including children who have complex medical conditions, Intellectual and Neurodevelopmental disabilities ACADEMIC/ PROFESSIONAL STRENGHTS †¢ Clinical experience and knowledge of pediatric dentistry in hospital setting †¢ Clinical practice of evidence based pediatric dentistry over eight years †¢ Academic positions at Harvard University, University ofRead MoreDental Care: Prolonged Baby Bottle Feeding: a Health Risk Factor1629 Words   |  7 Pages(Huntington, Kim, Hughes 2002). In addition to BBTD, the review yielded studies that demonstrate additional pediatric morbidities associated with prolonged bottle use. A few studies warn that prolonged bottle use increases the risks associated with iron deficiency anemia and obesity, mwhich the Agency for Heathcare Research and Quality (AHRQ, 2003)confirms are on the rise among American children. In a small study (N = 34), Lampe and Velez (1997) compared two groups of 18-month-old toddlers, thoseRead MoreDentistry And Its Impact On The Human Body1459 Words   |  6 PagesDentistry is defined as the evaluation, diagnosis, prevention and/or treatment of diseases, disorders and/or conditions of the oral cavity maxillofacial area and/or the adjacent and associated structures and their impact on the human body. When considering the field of dentistry as a career, one must study the history, the different types, and the required education and qualifications. Dentistry has been around for centuries. It requires years of training and education to become a dentist but whatRead MoreI m Scared Of The Dentist1647 Words   |  7 Pagesoptions, restorative solutions, implant dentistry, oral surgery services, family and pediatric care, and more. We would love to help you and your family get the care you need regardless of your current situation. We can help restore your oral health and have you looking your best again in no time! We are dedicated to making sure our patients are comfortable throughout their treatment. That’s why we provide various comfort options as well as sedation dentistry. Our facility is home to 10 operatoriesRead MorePublic Drinking Water Case Study1171 Words   |  5 Pagescommunity. The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry provides a subjective method for dentists to use when determining if child protection agencies need to be contacted, where he/she must consider the social economic aspects of the child. The results can vary and there is no reference to the effectiveness of dentists managing the populations adolescent oral health care abuse (American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, 2010). PoliticallyRead MoreApplying Theory Of A Practice Problem Essay756 Words   |  4 PagesPopulations. Definition of Practice problem ECC is defined as the presence of one or more decayed (noncaviated or cavitated), missing (due to decay), or filled tooth surfaces in any primary tooth in a child under 71 months of age (American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry [AAPD],2008). Rationale for the selection of the problem. Early childhood caries (ECC) is the one of the most important health problems in the United States. It is one of the unsatisfied field of healthcare system in united statesRead MoreTechniques For Alleviating Dental Anxiety, Fear, And Phobias2004 Words   |  9 Pagesalleviating dental anxiety, fear, and phobias through the use of positive interior support design and environmental distractions. Reports of Dental Anxiety in up to 74% of children and adolescents imply that anxiety is a major concern in dental offices. Pediatric dental theming vastly improved patient experience by relieving anxiety, fear, and phobias from a young age. It is also possible to have a significant positive impact on the duration of a patient’s life, as well as future generations by halting theRead MoreEducating Teen Mothers1488 Words   |  6 PagesGram-positive cocci a capable of sticking to the teeth (Javed 2012). S. mutans causes decay by converting dietary carbohydrates into acid; this acid, then breaks down the enamel and dentin of the teeth (Anil 2017).   According to a 2008 study in Pediatric Dentistry, a baby’s mother is their primary source of S. mutans. (Mapes 2010).   Another study involving the oral S. mutans in the mouths of preschool children revealed that the main source of the bacteria was their mothers’ saliva (Anil 2017). This canRead MorePersuasive Speec h : The Team At Always About Smiles By Mary Lou M. Office Manager1605 Words   |  7 Pages The team at Always About Smiles is dedicated to serving the people of Bethlehem, PA. We aim to offer high-quality, comfortable dentistry for patients of all ages. Learn more about each member of our team below! If you have any questions or concerns, or would like to schedule an appointment, please feel free to call our office at 484-935-3637. You can also send us a message using our online form. We will be happy to help in any way we can! Mary Lou M. – Office Manager Mary Lou joined the AlwaysRead MoreWashington State Government Policy Case Study1770 Words   |  8 Pagesdata showing its effectiveness. Practicing dentists do have a responsibility to report any signs of neglect, however, this is a subjective matter that Washington state would have to objectify (American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, 2010). Efficiency, the achievement of program goals or benefits in relationship to the costs. Least cost for a given benefit or the largest benefit for a given cost. Alternative 1- Studies have

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Terrorism Is More Complicated Than Just An Act Of Violence

Imagine standing in the streets of New York City on an ordinary day when 911 occurred. What would you do? Would you run or would you help the people? This would not have happened if we can find a way to prevent terrorism in the United States. Imagine the lives that would have been saved that day. Preventing terrorism would be one of the greatest achievements the United States could complete, but it is a lot harder to prevent terrorism then you might think. If we can prevent terrorism, we would save countless lives, save lots of money, and the world would be safer. First, to stop terrorism we have to know what it even is. To start it off, terrorism is more complicated than just an act of violence. So what are these people who commit these†¦show more content†¦The Preventing Terrorism And Violence organization describes it as an act of violence to complete a man s holy belief. So which one is correct? It is a mix of the two definitions. Nextly there are different types of ter rorism And they are classified by where they occurred. Domestic terrorism is when act of terror occurs within the United States borders.(2) This is one of the two types of terrorism. The other type of terrorism is international terrorism which is opposite of domestic terrorism and the act of terror occurs outside the United States borders.(2) But for any of these to be considered terrorism at all they have to violate federal or state laws. But every attack I know meets this criteria.(2) So where did terrorism come from? It has been around since the beginning of time basically because even in the beginning of time people have done dangerous things to create fear in a person. Terrorism happens all of the time but it is more rare in the U.S. In fact so rare you are more likely to be struck by a bolt of lightening thank either injured or killed by a terrorist attack.(1)So this is some basic info of terrorism but where is terrorism mostly occurring at today? To start it off, terrorism is everywhere basically. But in some countries there is

The, Freaks, And The Non Elites Essay - 1416 Words

Geeks, Freaks, and the Rest of the Non-Elites Who are the geeks, freaks, and the non-elites? In every high school there is social stratification and social cliques. Social stratification is the division of society according to rank, class, or caste [See Figure 1.]. Orientation toward peers and immersion in friendships are defining features of adolescence . â€Å"Through friendships, adolescents learn about what others are doing, anticipate accepted and expected behaviors, figure out how to present themselves, and find partners for trying out new behaviors† (Ennett). The friendship patterns that are evident in adolescents’ social networks have an important influence on behavior, including subordination, substance abuse, and sexual behavior. â€Å"Friendship patterns directly influence the nature and extent of adolescent social interactions and hence the accessibility and flow of information about behavioral standards from one adolescent to another, then clique members, liaisons, and social isolates are likely to differ in their drug use norms and behaviors† ( Ennett) A teenagers status in the eyes of their peers is moderately important to them. Because their status is the only thing they have control of, social stratification has more of an effect or impact on the self-esteem and success of a student. Figure 1 Everyone that has attended a primary school knows about the jocks and jockettes, the populars, and the bullies, but what about the geeks and freaks? The geeksShow MoreRelatedGi Jane Essay1135 Words   |  5 Pageswho has ambitions of moving beyond her military desk job, to become a member of the Navy Seal. Thanks to the political maneuvering of a female senator, O Neal becomes the first female candidate for the Navy Seals. The Seals are the militarys elite Special Forces team. O Neal becomes the guinea pig of senator Lillian DeHaven in this film. DeHaven bullies the Navy into taking ONeal as a Seal recruit in order to become the first female member of the Navy Seal. ONeal is put through a seriesRead More Gi Jane Essay1107 Words   |  5 Pagesofficer who has ambitions of moving beyond her military desk job, to become a member of the Navy Seal. Thanks to the political maneuvering of a female senator, O’ Neal becomes the first female candidate for the Navy Seals. The Se al’s are the military’s elite Special Forces team. O’ Neal becomes the guinea pig of senator Lillian DeHaven in this film. DeHaven bullies the Navy into taking O’Neal as a Seal recruit in order to become the first female member of the Navy Seal. O’Neal is put through a series ofRead MoreThe Violence Of The Sports Essay1324 Words   |  6 Pagesmale sports would be celebrated as, â€Å"a breakthrough for gender equity† by liberals but would be seen as an â€Å"obscenity† by everyone else (McDonagh Pappano, page 237). The opposite reaction could create a boom in attendance and support, but I fear a freak-show style of interest. While some fans would genuinely support the female athlete and the team’s progressive attitude, I fear a number of fans would only attend to witness the oddity. Sadly, in the current world, a woman playing professional sportsRead MoreMen And Women s Basketball Essay1448 Words   |  6 Pagesmale sports would celebrate, â€Å"a breakthrough for gender equity† by liberals, but be seen as an â€Å"obscenity† by everyone else (McDonagh Pappano, p. 237). The opposite reaction could create a boom in attendance and support, but with a potential for freak-show style of interest. While some fans would genuinely support the female athlete and the team’s progressive attitude, a number of fans might only attend to witness the oddity. Sadly, in the current world, a woman playing professional sports in aRead More The Connection between A Bug’s Life and The Chosen People Essay2015 Words   |  9 Pagessuffering from an identity crisis. According to Ewen’s theory, â€Å"the notion of personal distinction [in America] is leading to an identity crisis† of the non-upper class. (185) The source of this identity crisis is mass consumerism. 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Migration Law Case Study for Category

Question: Describe about the Migration Law for Case Study of Category. Answer: 1) Letter of advice to Billy To, Billy Elliot, Tasmania. Dear Billy, As you are originally a citizen of New Zealand and you are residing in Australia on a visa of Special category, you are considered to be an immigrant at the first instance, (Legislation, 2016). From the case itself it is clear that you came to Australia on a visa of special category at the age of 21 and residing in Australia since then. But then it also cannot be denied that you went to a local pub with few of your workmate to have beer on your 36th birthday. You were drunk and on the way back home, you without any intention drove over four teenagers who were returning from a party in an intoxicated state, due to which three of them died and one is badly injured. This made you caught by the police who found you guilty of driving under influence and driving causing death. In the meantime Sally Fields also complained about you molesting his daughter Emily. Even after your several pleadings before the court, you are sentenced to imprisonment for 5 years. To face the situation you need to know the legislation of the Australia which can help you and is applicable in your case, (Lawnotes, 2016). As you are an immigrant, you will be guided by the Migration Act, 1958. Section 201 of this act states that a person being a non-citizen has committed an offence and is convicted in Australia for the same after the commencement of this section will be deported back. In your case, as you was a citizen of New Zealand and came to Australia with a Special category, therefore, it has been mentioned in this section that any person who used to be a citizen of New Zealand and is in Australia as a special category visa holder, he shall be deport back to his own place for committing an offence after calculating his stay in Australia which has to be less than 10 years. Another condition is that the punishment granted for the offence should be life imprisonment or death or imprisonment for a period not less than one year, (Law, 2016). The section 501 of the Migration Act, 1958 has some provisions with which the Minister may deport you back to your place, (Anao, 2016). The section states that if the Minister is not satisfied that a person has passed the character test, the Minister may cancel the visa that has already been granted or refuse the visa. In this regard, the meaning of the character test is very important. It means that the person is required not to have any criminal background or should not commit any offence at the time when he is already convicted of any small offence and also should not try to escape from the detention. The person should not be convicted of any offence which works against the section 197A. The Minister should not think or suspect the person to be associated with any such groups which is suspected to be involved in any kind of criminal work. The person should not harm or harass any person or community of Australia, (australia-migration, 2016). The Minister should not suspect the pers on to be a threat for the nation. The criminal record of a person means that the person should not be convicted of any offence in which he is granted a sentence to death or life imprisonment, imprisonment for a term of 12 months or more or if he is acquitted of an offence on the ground of insanity or unsoundness of mind, and for which the person concerned has been detained in any institution. If a person satisfies all this point, he is eligible to pass the character test. If the Minister is not satisfied that the person is not eligible or suitable to pass the character or test or has not passed the character test according to the Minister, the Minister may cancel the visa that has already been granted to the person or may refuse to grant a visa to the person. The satisfaction of the Minister depends upon himself. It is completely his own decision and is not influenced by any other person. In this section there is no application of the natural justice. The power of executing this pow er by the minister is completely personal and is not influenced by any delegate. The decision made under this section by the minister cannot be reviewed. With respect to the section 201 of the Migration Act, you can take a plea that you have been residing in Australia for almost 16 years which is more than 10 years prescribed in this section and is not applicable for you. You can also take a plea that at the time of committing the offence you were not in a proper state of mind and was driving under influence, which itself cannot constitute any offence. The very next plea that you should take is that if you have molested a child for a so long period then they should have complained about it before. There is no reason for complaining when you are already convicted of an offence. And with respect to section 501, you can take a plea that you do not possess any kind of criminal record since the time you are staying in Australia and you have a record of good behavior and character in your work place and locality. You were not convicted for any offence before. You were not sentenced to death or imprisonment for life or for imprisonment for a term for 12 months or more. This is the first time all this thing happened. And it has not been done intentionally. This happened at the time of returning from the pub on the 36th birthday. If all this points satisfies the Minister, he may not deport you back to your place. But if he is not satisfied, he may deport you and that decision made by him cannot be changed or cannot be reviewed. Regards, 2) Cancellation of Billys Visa by the Minister under section 501, 501A 501B of the Migration Act, 1958 and the avenues that can be pursued In this case, Billy, who originally is a citizen of New Zealand, has been living in Australia since the last 15 years. He came to Australia at the age of 21 on a Special category visa and has been working in Tasmanian gold mine since then. On his 36th birthday he went to the local pub and had beer with few of his workmates. On the way back to home, he unintentionally drove his car on four teenagers who were drunk and were returning from a party. Amongst them three died and one was seriously injured. Billy was caught by the police and charged of dangerous driving which cause death and driving under influence, which means in a drunken state of mind. Later he was also charged of molesting a girl called Emily whose report has been made by Sally Field, the father of the child. Billy was found guilty of both driving offence and child sex and was sentenced to five years of imprisonment by the court. Some of his workmate has told him that he might get deported back to New Zealand by the Mini ster because of this happening which left him worried. The Minister after becoming aware of the case may take decision according to the provisions mentioned in section 501, 501A 501B of the Migration Act, 1958, (AUSTLII, 2016). Section 501 mentions about the cancellation or refusal of the visa on the grounds of character,. The section states that the Minister can cancel or refuse to grant a visa if the person is not able to make the minister satisfy by passing the character test. Character test means that the person should not have any criminal record or he should not been convicted of any criminal offence while he was convicted of a small offence or tried to escape from that detention, (Comlaw, 2016). The person should also not be convicted of any offence in contrast to sec.197A or should not be found associated with any organization which is suspected to be involved in any kind of criminal activity. The person should not harm any person or community of Australia, (Lawnotes, 2016). If a person satisfies all these terms, he passes the character test. A visa may be cancelled by the minister that has been granted to person anytime if the minister has a doubt or is somehow not satisfied that the person has not passed the character test, (Immi-to-australia, 2016). The cancellation may also be done if the minister thinks it to be for the national interest. There is no application of the natural justice, (Alrc, 2016). The setting aside of the cancellation or refusal of the visa and the substitution of the decision under section 501(1) or (2) of the Migration Act, 1958 has been mentioned in section 501A, (Humanrights, 2016). The delegate of the minister may take a decision of not to execute the power of refusal of granting a visa to the person and of cancelling the same which has been given in subsection (1) (2) of section 501 respectively even if the delegate is not satisfied by the person that he has passed the character test. There is an application of natural justice in this section, (ILO, 2016). This decision is termed as original decision. The minister can set aside the original decision of granting the visa or cancel the visa that has already been granted to the person if the minister is not satisfied and doubts that the character test has not been passed by that person and if the Minister founds that the cancellation is for the national interest. The rule of natural justice does not apply in this case, (Visaaustralia, 2016). This is the power that has to be executed by the Minister personally. Whether to consider the execution of power of not granting a visa or cancelling the same depends on the Minister. The minister is not bound to consider any request or situation. Any decision made under this section is not reviewable, which means no one can ask the Minister to reconsider the decision made by him. The cancellation or refusal of the visa or setting aside of the same and the substitution or replacement of any unsuitable decision under subsection (1) (2) of section 501 has been mentioned in section 501B of the Migration Act, (Stephanie, 2014). The provision made under this section states and applies to the situation that if any delegate of the Minister makes any decision which is said to be original decision for the cancellation of the visa that has already been granted to the person, the original decision made by the delegate may be set aside by the Minister and he may refuse the granting of the visa or may cancel the visa that has already been granted to the person, if he is not satisfied that the person has passed the character test. Any decision mentioned in the provision of this section is not reviewable, (Apo, 2016). Even if the original decision can be reviewed by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal by giving an application, the Minister can set aside the same. With reference to this case, it can be said that the Minister can cancel Billys visa on the ground that Billy did not pass the character test which includes the criminal offence, if any, made by him or something like harassing any person of Australia, involvement in any association which can cause threat to the nation, etc. and Billy cannot satisfy him in any manner. There is no such way by which Billy can go for review against the decision made by the Minister. He can make an application to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for the review of the original decision made by a delegate under subsection (5) of section 501B of the Migration Act, 1958 but if not satisfied personally, the Minister is not bound to go by the review and may set aside the same, (Usq, 2016). Bibliography: Alrc. (2016). Migration. Retrieved September 21, 2016, from Publications Apo. (2016). Migration Act 1958. Retrieved September 21, 2016, from Austlii. (2016). Migration Act. Retrieved September 21, 2016, from Comlaw. (2016). Migration Act 1958. Retrieved September 21, 2016, from Humanrights. (2016). Human Rights and the Migration Act. Retrieved September 21, 2016, from PDF ILO. (2016). Migration Act. Retrieved from Immi-to-australia. (2016). Migration Act. Retrieved September 21, 2016, from PDF file Law. (2016). Migration Act. Retrieved September 21, 2016, from PDF file Lawnotes. (2016). Australian Migration Act. Retrieved September 21, 2016, from Stephanie, P. (2014). The Migration Act, 1958. Retrieved September 21, 2016, from Usq. (2016). Migration Act. Retrieved September 21, 2016, from PDF file Visaaustralia. (2016). Migration Act. Retrieved September 21, 2016, from Anao. (2016). Administration of the Health requirement. Retrieved September 21, 2016, from Work Performance audit australia-migration. (2016). Migration Information. Retrieved September 21, 2016, from Lawnotes. (2016). Australian Migration Act. Retrieved September 21, 2016, from Legislation. (2016). Migration Act. Retrieved September 21, 2016, from